Leafy and stalked celery: growing by all the rules
On the Internet, you can find many delicious recipes that use leafy celery or stalked ones, growing it is not too difficult and suitable for our climate, so there is no reason to refuse such a healthy vegetable plant!
What determines the success in growing celery?
If you like to season your dishes with fresh herbs, and cannot imagine your site without green onions, dill and various types of salad, be sure to pay attention to plants such as leaf and petiole celery. Do not be intimidated by the specific aroma and spicy taste of herbs, the benefits of celery are so great that you should definitely include it in your diet as a seasoning or as a side dish for main courses.
Another question is how to grow a petioled or leafy vegetable correctly to get plants with rich aroma, lush foliage, firm stems and excellent taste? To do this, you need to take into account some of the nuances, which will be discussed in this article.
Celery planting video
It is recommended to place the beds in places open to the sun, but this plant also feels good in a light shade, and its foliage becomes more fragrant in such conditions. The most suitable temperature for a plant is about +20 degrees, in temperate climates it grows best and can even tolerate light frosts. Varieties with reddish petioles are especially frost-resistant.
For growing celery, fertile soils are preferable, sufficiently loose, drained and at the same time capable of retaining moisture. The acidity should be neutral, but if the soil is acidic, lime must be added to it before planting.
Do not plant a vegetable next to parsnips, otherwise both plants may suffer from the same pest - a celery fly.
Leafy celery... It is cultivated to obtain leaves, which are subsequently added to salads, soups, sauces. Compared to root varieties, the plant gives a higher yield; greens can be cut several times per season. The leafy vegetable is high in beta-carotene. The content of vitamin C in its petioles is twice as high as in citrus fruits. Celery has a calming effect, cleanses the body of toxins, has anti-inflammatory, diuretic and analgesic effects.
Stalked celery. Grown for the sake of stems. The mass of petioles is, depending on the variety and agricultural technology, from 300 g to 1 kg. This one contains a lot of fiber, mineral salts and vitamins (from groups B and K, C and A). It has the highest amount of phosphorus among vegetables. It contains a lot of calcium, potassium and zinc, a small amount of magnesium and iron. The product has a low calorie content - only 7 kilocalories per 100 grams. We can eat it raw or boiled, fried or baked.
Leafy and petiolate varieties contain essential oils that give it its characteristic aroma and taste, stimulate appetite and digestion. In cooking, they are traditionally added to soups, sauces, salads, vegetarian pate and canned food.
Celery is a difficult vegetable to grow, but because of its taste and healthiness, it's worth putting in the effort and planting it in your garden.
The best varieties to grow
In nature, celery is a biennial plant. In the first year, it produces a rosette of leaves and a root with numerous lateral roots that grow to a depth of 20 cm. In the second year, shoots appear, on which inflorescences consisting of small yellow flowers are visible. In vegetable gardens, to obtain marketable products, the plant is grown as an annual.
There are many varieties on the market, both petioled and leafy. They usually vary in size, ripening time or marketability. There are varietal and hybrid plant varieties. For cultivation in the Russian climatic zone, such petiole varieties as Atlant, Malachite, Golden are optimal.
You can learn more about the best varieties of leaf and stalk celery in the corresponding article on our website.
Of the leafy varieties, according to gardeners' reviews, such varieties as Kartuli, Zakhar are in the lead. They quickly grow green mass and are distinguished by high yields.
If you are planning to grow celery at home, the choice of variety can be a decisive factor in determining the yield of the plant, its appearance and taste.
How to grow celery using the seedling method
Just like growing root celery, you will first need to rinse and soak the seeds for three days, and then grow seedlings from them. You can immediately plant leafy and petiole plants with seeds directly in the open ground, however, in the initial period, the plants sprout and grow too slowly, so it is safer to spend time growing seedlings.
Seedling method of growing celery
Prepared seeds are usually sown for seedlings in March, using boxes filled with loose soil mixture, which may include leafy soil, sand, peat and humus, for planting. Try to spread the small seeds evenly over the surface of the soil and sprinkle with a thin layer of peat on top. The seedlings should be kept at a temperature of +20 degrees, gently pouring through a fine sieve. If the seeds were fresh and you soaked them before planting, then they should sprout about the fifth day after sowing. From this moment, the temperature must be lowered to +15 degrees so that the seedlings do not stretch out.
Keeping the soil hydrated, sufficient light throughout the day and airing are essential to growing seedlings correctly.
With the appearance of the first true leaves in the seedlings, the plants must be planted in separate cups, trying not to cover the socket with earth from which the leaves appear. Place the dived seedlings on a sunny windowsill for the best development of new leaves.
With the appearance of the first true leaves in the seedlings, the plants must be planted in separate cups.
Planting seedlings in the garden can be carried out at the end of April or in May, when frosts are no longer expected. Pre-harden the plants by placing them in a box on the street or on the balcony for several hours, then transplant them to a garden bed according to the 20x30 cm scheme.
Stem and leaf - we grow according to all the rules
Prepare the beds for stalked celery in the fall: dig wide furrows (40 cm each), about 30 cm deep, fill them with manure or compost and cover them with soil. Digging trenches for planting and hilling plants in the second half of summer is necessary for all traditional stem varieties, so that the petioles are "bleached" - they acquire a white tint and a delicate taste without bitterness. There are self-bleaching varieties that do not have to be planted in trenches and huddled up, but they are not frost-resistant, and their petioles are not so tasty and crunchy.
Self-bleaching varieties can be grown in ordinary beds, you do not need to tie and huddle them
Instructions on how to grow stalked celery outdoors:
- In the spring, before transplanting seedlings, a complex fertilizer is introduced into the soil with a rake. Keep in mind that the petiole variety will need a lot of nitrogen for normal growth, so a month after planting, the plants will need to be additionally fed with nitrogen.
- When replanting young plants, make sure that the rosette with leaves remains above the ground, lightly compact the soil around the plants. As the stems grow, you will need to add soil to the furrows.
- During the summer, make sure that the earth does not dry out, periodically apply top dressing and loosen the soil.
- As soon as the petioles grow to 30 cm, collect them in a bunch and tie them with twine, being careful not to damage the stems. Wrap the entire base with dark paper, while the leaves should look from above, like from a vase. This technique is necessary so that the petioles acquire a white tint and are filled with juice.
- For the winter, trench stem celery is covered with straw.
Self-bleaching varieties can be grown in ordinary beds, they do not need to be tied up and hilled. For sweeter stalks, lay a layer of straw up to 20 cm thick around the plants.
Differences in the cultivation of the two species
Agrotechnics for growing leaf and petiole celery are the same. The only difference between the first type and the second is that its seeds can be sown directly into the ground and after 60 days the first leaves can be cut off for greens. But this method, due to the tight germination of the culture, often does not justify itself - young seedlings suffer from weeds, drying out of the soil.
In our climatic conditions, both root and leaf species are grown only from seedlings, because the seeds need high enough temperatures for germination. It is a plant with a long ripening period. The vegetable grows best in fertile, loose, moisture-retaining soils. Both plants love well-lit areas or light partial shade. They do not grow in acidic soil.
Celery develops slowly in the early stages of growth, so it is necessary to select the right site for planting. The best neighbors for him are beans, peas, cucumbers, cabbage, carrots and onions. He doesn't like the company of potatoes and corn. The smell of the plant has a deterrent effect on a number of harmful insects, for example, white butterflies.
Video about growing stalked celery
A leafy look requires a minimum of hassle - growing it comes down to weeding, loosening row spacings and regular watering. It is only important when planting not to forget to place the growth point above the ground and constantly monitor that a crust does not form on the bed (mulching the soil will help to avoid this).
Plant care: rules for watering and feeding
Leaf and cuttings varieties have high requirements for the nutritional value of the soil, both in terms of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. The recommended soil pH is 6.5 - 7.5. If the indicators on your site are higher, the soil should be deoxidized using liming, (preferably in autumn) with the addition of magnesium or dolomite flour.
Organic fertilizers for this crop:
- granular or dried manure;
- liquid fertilizer based on fermented grass;
- vermicompost (fertilizer produced by earthworms).
- One-component. They should be used based on the results of a chemical analysis of the soil. The analysis shows which nutrients (micro and macro elements) are missing in the soil for growing a given plant.
- Complex. When using them, pay attention to the content of chlorine and sulfur. Celery is chlorophyll, which is why we use fertilizers that contain chlorides. He does not like sulfur, so it is advisable to abandon sulfate fertilizers.
For good yields of petiole and leafy species, use the following care tips:
- Shelter with agrotextile. Young seedlings are sensitive to low temperatures, therefore, in the first period after planting, it is worth covering the bed with a layer of agrotextile. To prolong the fruiting of the culture, the same technique is used in the fall to protect the greens from the first frost.
- Mulching. Plants respond well to mulching, which significantly limits the growth of weeds in beds, promotes better moisture retention, and protects against overheating.
- Weeding. Loosening the soil has a positive effect on the growth and development of the bushes. The soil in the aisles is processed using a cultivator, flat cutter or hoe.
- Watering. This vegetable needs moist soil for proper development. Daily watering is required when the mass of greenery grows, after - as needed.
Celery diseases and pests - prevention and control
Plant diseases can significantly reduce the yield from the site. Learn how to recognize symptoms and learn how to fight plant diseases.
The culture may suffer from problems associated with the defeat of fungal infections or a deficiency in the soil of one or another trace element. Light green or yellow leaves can be associated with a lack of boron in the soil. The formation of brown spots on the cuttings indicates the need for the introduction of molybdenum. These troubles can be prevented by introducing a complex fertilizer during planting, containing all the necessary trace elements in full.
Diseases arising for physiological reasons include the death of the tips of the leaves. This problem is caused by excessive humidity in July and August, with cool weather and heavy rainfall. Multi-component fertilizers containing nitrogen, potassium and magnesium help to correct the problem.
Alarming symptoms such as discoloration and spots on leaves, wilting of plants or inhibition of their growth may indicate the occurrence of a fungal disease. The most common ones are presented in the table below.
Name of the disease
Signs of infection
The first signs of infection can be seen even on seedlings, they are expressed in brownish spots on the cotyledons and leaves. A few weeks after planting the seedlings in the ground, dark brown spherical growths appear on the leaves and petioles of the infected plant. The source of celery sepsis infection can be infected seeds and leftovers from last year left in the soil. Warm and humid summer weather contributes to the development of this disease.
You can avoid the problem by choosing disease-resistant varieties, purchasing seeds treated with a fungicide.
|After detecting signs of septriosis infection, diseased plants are best removed. In the early stages, treatment with Amistar250SC, Quadris can help.|
It is a fungal disease that affects all species. The causative agent of this disease is the fungus Cercospora apii, and the source of infection can be infected seeds and spores that have survived from last year. The symptom of the problem is growing spots. The tissues of the affected part of the leaves gradually turn yellow, brown and dry out. Plant growth is significantly weakened.
In the area where diseased plants grew, celery cannot be planted again for 3 years.
Dealing with an early burn is identical to the previous example.
You can cut trench petiole varieties at the end of autumn or dig them up as needed. Self-bleaching varieties are ready for harvest 12-15 weeks after planting in the ground. And leaf celery begins to be cut for greens as early as July, as soon as it becomes clear that removing several stems will not harm the main plant.
Material updated on 28.02.2018
Crispy stalks and juicy roots: learning to grow celery in the country
Not every gardener understands the value of celery, but those lucky ones who "saw through" this fragrant vegetable do not hesitate to grow it year after year. Everything in it is tasty, fragrant and healthy - greens, crunchy stalks, and dense juicy roots. Galina Kizima shares her experience of growing this wonderful garden plant in her book "The Great Encyclopedia of the Gardener and the Gardener from A to Z".
How to grow celery
Celery can be leaf, stalked and root. Leafy celery can be sown directly into the soil.Petiole celery, which has thickened leaf petioles, and especially the root one, has to be grown through seedlings, since it takes about 200 days to form a root crop.
All three types of celery have one feature - they form a crop for a very long time. Root varieties - 140 - 190 days, petiolar - 100 - 150 days, leafy - 90 - 110 days. That is why they need to be grown through seedlings.
Seeds root celery is sown for seedlings in late January - early February. Petiolate and leafy varieties - from the second half of February to mid-March. Sowed in boxes.
Since the seeds contain a lot of essential oils, they are difficult to germinate. To speed up germination, they need to be soaked in hot water (about 60 ° C) for a day. Change the water periodically - as soon as it cools down to room temperature, drain and top up with hot water.
Another variant - Soak the seeds in hydrogen peroxide: a few drops in a glass of water. Withstand half an hour. This is enough time to wash off the essential oils.
After soaking, the seeds must be laid out on thick paper and dried so that they become free-flowing - it will be more convenient to sow.
The soil for growing seedlings should be light and nutritious. It is well watered, after which the seeds are scattered over the surface without covering. The box is covered with cling film to maintain high humidity. Plastic containers with a transparent lid can be used for sowing - they are lighter and more convenient.
Seeds are sown in boxes at a distance of 3 cm from each other.
Before germination, the soil must be constantly moist - this must be monitored. It is best to moisten it with a fine spray bottle so as not to wash off the seeds. They germinate at a temperature of +25 ° C, so the box must be kept in a warm place. The film must be removed once a day to ventilate the crops - otherwise mold may form.
When the first true leaves appear at the seedlings, the film from the box can be removed completely. The box is kept warm for another week, and then it must be moved to a cool and very bright place. The optimum temperature for the growth of celery seedlings is about +15 ° C. In such conditions, the seedlings will turn out to be stocky. Otherwise, it will stretch out.
When the seedlings have 3 - 4 true leaves, they need to be planted in hotel containers - plastic cups with a volume of 0.2 liters will do.
It is necessary to water the seedlings abundantly and regularly, but it is important that there are drainage holes in the cups so that excess water flows freely - celery does not like stagnant moisture.
Root celery seedlings are planted in open ground in the second half of April. Leafy and petiolate varieties - in mid-May. Plants cannot be buried, they must be planted at the same level as they grew in cups.
- Leafy varieties - the distance between plants is 15 - 20 cm.
- Petiole varieties - distance between plants 20 cm
- Root varieties - 40 cm in a row, 50 cm between rows.
It is not necessary to cover the plantings, celery is not afraid of cold snaps. A week before planting, it is useful to harden the plants - to take them out to the balcony or garden for the whole day.
If spring is early and warm, leafy varieties can be sown directly into open ground in the second half of April - celery shoots can withstand frosts down to –4… –5 ° С.
Growing at home
The site for planting celery has been prepared since autumn. It is necessary not only to dig up the soil, but also to apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, humus (10 liters per 1 sq. M), compost, wood ash. If the soil in the garden is weakly acidic, 400 g of dolomite flour is added, with a stronger acidity, the amount is doubled.
The time of sowing seeds for seedlings depends on the climatic characteristics of the region. As a rule, the seed is sown in February or early March. The seeds are soaked in potassium permanganate, sent to the refrigerator for stratification.
The planting site is a sunny area with nutritious soil. In partial shade, the culture also develops well, acquires a strong aroma. But with strong shading, celery stops growing, stretches and dies.
Planting seedlings in open ground
When the threat of frost passes and the soil warms up on the site, you can start transplanting seedlings to the garden bed. If celery is grown in a greenhouse, frosts are not terrible, but the soil should warm up to +15 degrees.
By the time of disembarkation, there should be at least 4-5 leaves on the seedlings.
How to prepare a site
It is recommended to start preparing the beds for growing celery in the fall. It should be in a sunny place. During digging, 20 g of Double Superphosphate mineral fertilizer, 3 kg of humus or compost are applied to the ground for each square meter. In the spring, it will remain to apply 40 g of complex mineral fertilizer and loosen the soil.
Then you can plant celery
Good precursors for any kind of celery are:
- melons and gourds (cucumbers, pumpkins)
After the bed is prepared, holes are made in it, focusing on the celery planting scheme:
- The root is planted with a distance between plants of 40 cm, and between rows - 50 cm.
- Petiole celery should be planted according to the scheme of 20-30 cm, where 20 cm is the distance between seedlings of seedlings. The varieties that will need to be bleached are planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other.
- Leafy leaves are planted with a distance of 15-20 cm from each other and between rows. It can be planted between cabbage and under trees so that the smell of leaves scares off pests.
What to put in a celery hole
Add a handful of humus and wood ash to the hole before planting seedlings. Mix fertilizer with soil from the hole and water well just before planting the celery seedlings.
Fresh manure or humus cannot be added to the hole, otherwise the roots of young plants will burn.
How to plant correctly
Carefully remove the celery seedlings from the pot along with a clod of earth. Place in the hole and cover with soil so that the growing point remains above the surface of the site. You cannot fill it with soil.
Water the plantings and cover with acrylic, paper, newspapers or boxes. This is necessary to protect the seedlings from the sun. If frosts are expected, then a non-woven material will be better protection against them.
How to grow leaf celery
Plant the celery seeds, lightly pressing, into the soil. Cover the container with crops with plastic wrap or glass and place in a warm place (23-25 ° C). The first shoots will appear only 15-20 days, all this time, make sure that the ground is moist. It should be watered through a pallet or by spraying. As soon as shoots appear, place the container in a cooler place. After the formation of two or three leaves, thin out the seedlings (the distance between shoots is 5-6 cm).
Preparing the soil for planting seedlings on open ground
Celery grows well on loose, sandy loam and light soil with a slightly alkaline or neutral reaction. Prepare the soil in advance in the fall. To do this, dig the area where the plant will grow to a depth of 20-30 cm. Add 2-3 kg of compost or humus to the soil. In the spring, before planting, feed the soil with a complex mineral fertilizer.
Plant seedlings on open ground in the second half of May. Celery is a cold-resistant vegetable crop that can withstand frosts down to -5 ° C. At the same time, the optimum temperature for plant development and growth is 20-23 ° C. When planting celery, remove the weakest plants, leaving a distance of 20-25 cm.
2-3 weeks after planting celery on open ground, make the first top dressing, with a predominance of potassium and phosphorus. The second feeding after 3-4 weeks. These must be mineral and organic substrates.
Celery is a moisture-loving plant, so water this crop abundantly and regularly, not forgetting to weed the land.
Cut the leafy celery greens as needed. It can be dried or frozen for later storage. Harvest celery roots in September. They are stored at a temperature of 3-5 ° C.
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Agrotechnics of growing celery
Celery loves fertile soil and does not tolerate acidic soils... Prefers loams. Photophilous. It grows best in temperate and humid climates at a temperature of 15-22 °. Celery is hygrophilous, but does not tolerate soaking, it should not be planted in places where groundwater is close. Petiole celery is especially picky about growing conditions. Under celery (especially root), deep plowing of the soil is required. The best predecessors are cabbage, cucumbers, potatoes.
Celery root (root vegetable) has a long growing season (140-200 days), it is better to grow it through seedlings in March - early April. Its seeds are very small, so experienced gardeners advise in small peat pots filled with nutrient mixture, pour a little snow on top, compact it and spread 3-5 celery seeds on top (the seeds will be visible in the snow), and then distribute them over the surface with a pointed match ... Then the pots are covered with glass on top and left until shoots appear. The first two months, the seedlings grow very slowly, they are planted in the ground in mid-May, in the phase of 3-5 true leaves. The distance between the plants is 30 cm. Feeding in June: 1 tsp. superphosphate per 10 liters of water (weed infusion can be used instead of water). Root crops need boron. Ash is also poured into the aisles. Celery does not tolerate fresh manure. It is useful to constantly mulch the aisles with grass or peat - this nourishes the celery and at the same time drowns out the weeds.
To get an even root crop, it is necessary in July-August to carefully cut off the small lateral roots with a sharp knife and expose (do not huddle!) the top of the root so that it rises slightly above the surface of the earth. During the summer, the edge leaves are cut off at the leaf outlet, leaving no more than 4-5 pieces in the center. If you constantly remove all the leaves from the root celery, then the large root will not be tied. For the constant use of greens in the summer season, varieties of leaf celery are grown.
Petiolate celery spud 2-3 weeks before harvesting to whiten the petioles and give them a more delicate taste. You can wrap the celery rosettes with kraft paper to the very leaf blades, and this will also whiten the petioles well.
Celery is affected by septoria, powdery mildew, phomosis, white and gray root rot, bacteriosis.
Damaged by carrot fly, celery fly and carrot leaf flea.
Chemicals against pests are undesirable.
Leafy celeryharvested in July, during the period of maximum leaf regrowth, and the second time it is cut off in the fall, when it grows back. Raw materials are dried under a canopy in the shade and stored in a closed container.
Root celery take away in October, and in the southern regions in November. In the fall, before frost, the celery is dug up with a pitchfork, the greens are cut off and the root is dried in the sun. They are stored, like other root crops, in the cellar.
Petiolate celeryare harvested before the onset of frost, and if there is a greenhouse, they are transplanted into it for growing.
Petioles and leaf blades of leaf and petiole celery are consumed fresh, boiled or stewed, and also dried for the winter to use as a seasoning.
So that the peeled celery roots do not darken, they should be dipped in acidified water (you need to add a little lemon juice there). Celery roots will taste better if simmered in their own juice. The finer the celery roots are cut, the more flavorful they are. Raw roots are used in salads, they can be fried in breadcrumbs, like cauliflower.
Celery leaves, petioles and root are used for canning and pickling cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers and cabbage.
Ground celery seed is used in savory baked goods, various sauces, gravies, cheeses, fish pates.
In many countries, celery is used as a component of dry mixes. It is added to fatty soups from goose, duck and tart game soups, to mushrooms. Delicate aroma gives celery to dishes of beans, eggplant, cabbage, carrots, potatoes and tomato sauces. Source 1
Video: Celery. Growing
Oktyabrina Ganichkina AgroTV Source 2
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We must not lose sight of the important fact - benefits of greenery significantly higher than from other foods such as fish, meat and even vegetables. You should know that there are also much more trace elements and vitamins that our body needs for normal functioning in fresh greens.